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Seis teses sobre o trabalho forçado no império português continental em África

Abstract : Forced labor in Portugal’s African colonies during the twentieth century is often generalized in the literature as a “simple continuation” of slavery because the historiography related to the continental territories of Portugal’s third African empire has been overly influ- enced by the situation of São Tomé e Príncipe, where this “continuation” was the case. This article defends six theses: 1. In Portugal’s continental colonies, the end of the slave trade and the beginning of forced labor did not succeed each other through a regime of transition, but rather of rupture. 2. The introduction of forced labor was not a Portuguese “archaism” but a modern capitalist rupture. 3. Forced labor was able to function only in the framework of an articulation of the modes of production by maintaining a subalternized domestic produc- tion, which subsisted thanks to an acute gender oppression. 4. It was not the case of the law promulgated in Portugal being “erroneously applied in the colonies”. 5. This legislation was racist not only in terms of phenotype, but also in its function as a discrimination founded on the sphere of production, defining the exclusion of an entire people. 6. It is this situation that paradoxically nourished the ideology of assimilation.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02469896
Contributor : Michel Cahen <>
Submitted on : Saturday, February 8, 2020 - 6:24:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 19, 2020 - 11:21:25 AM
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Michel Cahen. Seis teses sobre o trabalho forçado no império português continental em África. África , Centro de estudos africanos da Universidade de São Paulo, 2015, Quarenta anos depois das independências dos PALOPs – Problemas historiográficos da África colonial portuguesa, pp.129-155. ⟨10.11606/issn.2526-303X.v0i35p129-155⟩. ⟨halshs-02469896⟩

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