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From Student Organizations to Ethnic Parties: Sindhi Nationalism during One Unit

Abstract : This chapter seeks to understand how the mobilization in Pakistan's Sindh province against One Unit (1955-1970) and Ayub Khan's military rule (1958-1969) eventually led to the reorganization of political alignments. I contend that the birth of Sindhi student organizations in the late 1960s planted the seeds for the future development of the Sindhi nationalist movement, or Jiye Sindh movement. Ethnic politics in Sindh is often reduced to the Sindhi-Mohajir conflict. While the progressive solidification of the Mohajir identity is rather well described in academic literature, this is not the case on the Sindhi side. Few have sought to document in depth either the political groups and parties that have put forward ethnic demands or the content of the Sindhi nationalist discourse. This chapter thus examines the mobilization of the Sindhi middle class to provide an account of the shift from oppositional left-wing politics towards ethnic parties, which eventually led to separatist demands. Part of a broader nationalist process that entails the reinvention of cultural and political identity, this mobilization involved the creation of identity markers in which writers and students played a leading role.
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Submitted on : Sunday, March 22, 2020 - 8:00:09 AM
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Julien Levesque. From Student Organizations to Ethnic Parties: Sindhi Nationalism during One Unit. Jürgen Schaflechner; Christina Oesterheld; Ayesha Asif. Pakistan: Alternative Imag(in)ings of the Nation-State, Oxford University Press, pp.247-286, 2020, 9780190701314. ⟨halshs-02464306⟩

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