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1989-2019. Vu de ses frontières, une Europe vieillissante mais attractive pour les migrants

Abstract : [The demographic evolution of Europe has recorded several breaks within which the year 1989 takes on particular relief. It is after this year that Eastern Europe enters the demographic winter already installed in Northern, Western and Southern Europe. It was after this year that life expectancy, which peaked or sometimes experienced declines in Eastern Europe, experienced upward trends containing death rates. It was after this year that migratory flows diversified considerably with the dismantling of the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall, which prevented almost any migration between East and West, while the communist system also contained the migrations between the communist countries themselves. Giant growth has been increased by the increase in the life expectancy of the elderly and aging has become intense "from above" and "from below". However, beyond these general demographic developments in Europe, we must note an increasingly fragmented Europe with significant fertility gaps reflecting different intensities and timetables in the demographic winter, levels and differences in life expectancy between the sexes very different. In addition, there are very diverse evolutions in the migratory systems of countries and regions according to the interplay of factors of repulsion and attraction which varies in space and in time.]
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Gérard-François Dumont. 1989-2019. Vu de ses frontières, une Europe vieillissante mais attractive pour les migrants. Diploweb.com : la revue géopolitique, Diploweb.com, 2019, pp.1-13. ⟨halshs-02445495⟩

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