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Le vote électronique à l’Assemblée : Prévenir et contenir la panne en République

Abstract : The electronic voting system used by the French National Assembly’s Members of Parliament is presently receiving careful attention, as it must not fail under any circumstances. Nevertheless, the Standing Orders of the institution provide the voting procedures to be applied in the event of any malfunction on its part. In this article, I question these two apparently contradictory facts presented above. Why this imperative quest for reliability if there is an alternative way to vote? Conversely, why this regulatory provision if this system cannot fail? I begin by briefly retracing the history of this “voting machine” installed in the hemicycle of the Palais Bourbon since 1959, and then describe its infrastructure. In order to explain the feared risks, two failure situations that occurred in October 1997 are presented and analyzed, showing that the shortcomings of the machine are interpreted as those of the political system itself, i.e. that of the French Fifth Republic. To conclude, I detail the strategies undertaken by the parliamentary administration to achieve this objective of reliability, by showing that this voting machine meets the expectations to which it is subject thanks to invisible human activities are closely linked to its functioning. Overall, this article deals both with the cultural representations surrounding a technical device where the functioning of the State apparatus relies upon it, and the conditions of possibility of this technical reliability.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02443317
Contributor : Jonathan Chibois <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 17, 2020 - 9:35:50 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:10:13 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02443317, version 1

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Citation

Jonathan Chibois. Le vote électronique à l’Assemblée : Prévenir et contenir la panne en République. Techniques & culture, Paris: Maison des sciences de l'homme, 2019. ⟨halshs-02443317⟩

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