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Que reste-t-il de kâlâpâni ? Prêtres brahmanes migrants et nouvelles frontières de l'hindouisme

Abstract : With a view to questioning some of the contemporary dynamics of Hinduism's social and territorial boundaries, this article discusses the Brahmanic prohibition of travel outside India from the perspective of Brahman priests who migrate to work in Hindu temples in the diaspora. Today the sin for the upper castes of crossing of the "black waters" (kālāpāni) of the Indus and the Indian Ocean is far from dissuading these temple priests from travelling or emigrating, and their professional movements fully contribute to the contemporary transnationalization of Hinduism. However, in their view, this in no way calls into question the uniqueness and primacy of India's territory in terms of ritual, social and soteriological virtues. Similarly, the social boundaries established with regard to non-Hindus or non-Brahmans are not challenged by these migrations either, since contact with individuals and substances considered impure remains a major concern for these migrant priests. In the end, what remains for them of the prohibition to cross the kālāpāni is therefore not so much the fault or the guilt of having gone elsewhere, but the issue of contact with the Other.
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Contributor : Pierre-Yves Trouillet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 20, 2021 - 12:26:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 3:53:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, August 21, 2021 - 6:35:04 PM


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Pierre-Yves Trouillet. Que reste-t-il de kâlâpâni ? Prêtres brahmanes migrants et nouvelles frontières de l'hindouisme. Puruṣārtha : recherches de sciences sociales sur l'Asie du Sud , Editions de l'EHESS (1975-2006), 2021, Les Hindous, les Autres et l'Ailleurs: Frontières et Relations, 38. ⟨halshs-02442472⟩



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