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Shedding light on diverse cultures of mathematical practices in South Asia: Early Sanskrit mathematical texts in conversation with modern elementary Tamil mathematical curricula

Abstract : Discourses promoting alternative sciences-that is, traditional "scientific" systems as opposed to modern "Western" science-are part of a wider reflection in South Asia on how to shape the future. History of science, then, is a very politicized affair. We will describe how two contrasting practices of number-measures and computations-can be documented in South India as they appear in early Sanskrit mathematical treatises and commentaries (seventh-twelfth centuries) and also in elementary mathematical curricula in Tamil (seventeenth-twentieth centuries). We will question whether they should be described as two different mathematical ontologies.
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Agathe Keller. Shedding light on diverse cultures of mathematical practices in South Asia: Early Sanskrit mathematical texts in conversation with modern elementary Tamil mathematical curricula. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, 2019, 9 (1), pp.113-125. ⟨10.1086/703886⟩. ⟨halshs-02427218⟩

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