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Romper el encierro: las fugas como micropolitica. Rapa Nui (1940-1960)

Abstract : Until the 1960's the Rapanui people were officially forbidden to leave their island. However, since the 1940's young men escaped the island either by hiding in shipholds of navy or supply vessels from Chile or even sailing in small open fishing boats towards Tahiti in French Polynesia. The human dramas associated with these repeated escapes and the explanations given by the Rapanui, were key elements in the arguments against and radical critique of the administrative system established by Chile on the island. In this paper we analyze the itineraries and strategies deployed by the Rapanui youth in the preparation of their escapes. Analyzing these two aspects we gain access to the micro political and phenomenological dimension of these. Escapes were organized by the desire to break off from a forced confinement. Consequence were that the Rapanui found outside allies and met other worlds beyond their island that challenged the politics and regime of confinement imposed on them.
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Diego Muñoz. Romper el encierro: las fugas como micropolitica. Rapa Nui (1940-1960). Revista Antropologias del Sur, Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, 2019, Turismo y procesos locales en territorios indígenas y afrodescendientes, 6 (12), pp.61-86. ⟨10.25074/rantros.v6i12.1126⟩. ⟨halshs-02426119⟩



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