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Philippe II d'Espagne : construction, diffusion et renouvellement d'une légende noire

Abstract : This contribution examines the origins and development of a particularly famous black legend, that of Philipp II of Spain, born of the political conflicts of his time. Taking into account the critical writings and rumors propagated on the Iberic peninsula during his reign, in an agitated context, this article shows that the proper birth of the black legend of the Prudent king originated in Flanders around 1580, then in England and France, when the hostility with the Spanish monarchy reached a paroxysm. The article then turns to the reasons behind the durability of such an image through the centuries in Europe, where it was malleable and adaptable, as well as in Spain itself where it greatly spread and even intensified in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries : it illustrates the relations between the exterior gaze and a certain self-consciousness as shown in many studies regarding the anti-hispanic legend. Because of the fame of his foul reputation Philipp II became in political and cultural debates the incarnation of a certain Spain and found himself at the center of a passionate reflexion on national identity.
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Contributor : Alexandra Merle <>
Submitted on : Sunday, December 29, 2019 - 7:17:57 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 30, 2019 - 1:22:49 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02425139, version 1



Alexandra Merle. Philippe II d'Espagne : construction, diffusion et renouvellement d'une légende noire. Histoire culturelle de l'Europe, ERLIS, MRSH-Université de Caen Normandie, 2016, Légendes noires et identités nationales en Europe. ⟨halshs-02425139⟩



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