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Justice et réconciliation dans le Maghreb post-révoltes arabes

Abstract : In recent years, to manage the after-effects and disputes inherited from civil wars or authoritarian regimes, many rulers have been led to set up a so-called “transitional” justice. In the standard United Nations concept, the latter refers to the implementation of various practices aimed ultimately at creating the conditions for national reconciliation and democratic stabilization in countries emerging from episodes of political violence. More specifically, the democratization of political regimes is presented by the promoters of transitional justice as the guarantee of non-repetition of human rights violations. In this context, justice reform appears as a prerequisite for the independence of the judiciary and the right of people to a fair trial. Not far from ten years after the outbreak of the Arab revolts, what about the reform of justice and the implementation of transitional justice on the southern shore of the Mediterranean? The authors of this book provide contrasting answers to this question. Algeria manages the effects of the "civil war" by appealing to a grammar of reconciliation and justice which refers to the characteristics of authoritarianism of its political regime. Egypt, for its part, appears to be the country of an aborted revolution, quickly taken over by an army that has not given up exercising power. In the Maghreb, only two states have set up transitional justice, Morocco and Tunisia. However, its institutionalization does not necessarily mean the emergence of an independent judiciary, nor the assurance for the defendant that his rights to a fair trial will be respected. The contributors to the work insist on the fact that the application of the standards of transitional justice and the implementation of judicial reforms are linked, beyond the speeches which promote them, with the political reorganizations of the countries of the South of the Mediterranean
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02424164
Contributor : Eric Gobe <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 26, 2019 - 6:37:03 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 27, 2019 - 1:24:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02424164, version 1

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Eric Gobe. Justice et réconciliation dans le Maghreb post-révoltes arabes. Karthala, 2019, 978-2-8111-2695-7. ⟨halshs-02424164⟩

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