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Une aristocratie de la mer ? L'exemple de la famille anglo-normande des Vituli (XIIe-XIIIe siècles)

Abstract : The political union of Normandy and England in the period before 1204 meant that the sea was at the heart of the activities of many individuals. The nature of these activities are often difficult to determine, but the family known as the Vituli offers a particularly useful case study, thanks to a rich and varied collection of sources. Members of this family were on board the ships that arrived at Lisbon in 1147 during the Second Crusade. In the second half of the 12th century, its members served the Plantagenets either on royal or their own ship, making possible some of the sea-crossing of the king and its court. Although these men were probably also seafaring traders; they were, first and foremost, loyal servants of the king, and were rewarded as such. They were established on both sides of the Channel, in particular at Southampton, Barfleur and Caen, where they held significant possessions. After 1204, some of the Vituli served Henry III on the sea, and while others were established in Normandy, the family continued to pursue its commercial activities in England until at least the 1220s.
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Contributor : Laurence Jean-Marie <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 23, 2019 - 12:03:41 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 6, 2020 - 12:20:23 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02422836, version 1



Laurence Jean-Marie. Une aristocratie de la mer ? L'exemple de la famille anglo-normande des Vituli (XIIe-XIIIe siècles). Bauduin, Pierre; Bates, David. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux (911-2011), Presses universitaires de Caen, pp.475-492, 2016, Actes du colloque international de Caen et Cerisy-la-Salle, 29 septembre-2 octobre 2011, 978-2-84133-774-3. ⟨halshs-02422836⟩



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