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The New and the Old: Re-Excavations at Cadet 3 Rockshelter, Marie Galante).

Abstract : The Cadet 3 rockshelter in Marie-Galante was firstly excavated in 2004. Its stratigraphy covers the latest Pleistocene and the second half of the Holocene. An archaeological level of the Late Ceramic Age was evidenced, as well as older levels, rich in bones and invertebrate remains, for which the question of a human contribution to the assemblage formation was raised. New excavations were carried out in 2018 and 2019 with three perspectives: 1) increase the vertebrate assemblage to describe the succession of Holocene vertebrate biocenoses on the island, 2) refine the deposit chronology and the stratigraphic resolution of the collected assemblages, and 3) collect evidence useful for discussing a human use of the site during the Preceramic period. These excavations revealed the funerary function of the site during the late phase of the Late Ceramic Age with the discovery of an Amerindian burial in the highest part of the deposit. They also demonstrate the Preceramic occupation of the shelter as early as 3,000 BC, by highlighting small combustion features and a tiny microlithic assemblage, both included in a layer documented by new radiocarbon datings. The preliminary study of both vertebrate and invertebrate faunal remains provides an opportunity to further discuss the question that remained outstanding from the previous study, namely the fraction of vertebrate and invertebrate assemblages due to Preceramic activities. This study also leads to the clarification of the species that are now extinct on the island and of the time of their extinction.
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Contributor : Arnaud Lenoble Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 16, 2019 - 10:51:51 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 10:50:04 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02413341, version 1



Arnaud Lenoble, Corentin Bochaton, Laurent Charles, David Cochard, Patrice Courtaud, et al.. The New and the Old: Re-Excavations at Cadet 3 Rockshelter, Marie Galante).. Re-Examining Self: Caribbean Archaeology in the 21st Century. 28th Congress of the International Association of Caribbean Archaeology., Jul 2019, Bridgetown, Barbados. ⟨halshs-02413341⟩



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