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Motivations for using electronic cigarettes in young adults: A systematic review

Abstract : Background: The most common reasons why adults use e-cigarettes are to stop or reduce tobacco smoking. However, it is unclear if this reason is evenly distributed between young and older adults. Objectives: describe the motivations for e-cigarette use amongst young adults aged 18-25 and compare the reasons for using e-cigarettes of people who currently or formerly used tobacco products to those who had never smoked tobacco prior e-cigarette use. Methods: PubMed®, Scopus®, Cochrane Library®, SocINDEX®, PsycARTICLES®, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection® and PsycINFO® databases were used. English written articles were screened up to March 2018. Depending on study design, quality was assessed using The STROBE or RATS checklists. Results: Six articles were included in the review, all with a moderate quality of evidence. Independently of smoking status, curiosity was the most frequently reported reason for initiating the use of e-cigarettes in young adults. Reasons for continuing to use e-cigarettes were various. The continued use of e-cigarettes could be either a means to replicate smoking habits, or a way for a different and personalized use of nicotine by inhalation. Conclusions: Reasons for using e-cigarettes in young adults are varied and are not limited to stopping smoking.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02401948
Contributor : Karine Jenart <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 10, 2019 - 11:40:20 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 4:41:25 PM

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Shérazade Kinouani, Chloé Leflot, Paul Vanderkam, Marc Auriacombe, Emmanuel Langlois, et al.. Motivations for using electronic cigarettes in young adults: A systematic review. Substance Abuse, Taylor & Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles, 2020, 41 (3), pp.315-332. ⟨10.1080/08897077.2019.1671937⟩. ⟨halshs-02401948⟩

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