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Abstract : Using a txt version obtained with the most recent OCR techniques, this paper analyses the choice, the adaptations and the spreading of quotations from Molière in the Dictionnaire universel. The text used is the heavily revised version 1701 by Henri Basnage de Beauval, a French refugee in the Netherlands. When processing the text with digital methods, the frequent use of abstracts from Molière becomes apparent. For Basnage, the choice of Molière is probably justified by the lexicographic efficiency of his characters’ speeches: Basnage can count on the revival of a whole context, either because the reader is a playgoer, or because he or she has read the texts. In this way, such quotations have a greater illustrative or pedagogical value, complementing the definitions in an effort to elucidate semantic nuances and uses of the words. However, the lexicographer makes very personal abstracts from Molière's plays, sometimes preferring less frequently staged plays that were appreciated by the literati of the time, to the detriment of more successful comedies. Basnage often uses Molière to illustrate a lower use of the language, and also some words from the domain of faith. While contributing to the canonisation of the playwright, the Dictionnaire may also suggest a subversive dimension of his works.
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Contributor : Ioana Galleron <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 11, 2019 - 9:58:03 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 6:02:30 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 12, 2020 - 1:46:57 PM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-02399043, version 1



Ioana Galleron. MOLIÈRE DANS LE DICTIONNAIRE UNIVERSEL. 2019. ⟨halshs-02399043⟩



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