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L’exploitation de l’or en Égypte au début de l’époque islamique. L’exemple de Samut

Julie Marchand 1 Thomas Faucher 2 Alexandre Rabot 1 Bérangère Redon 1 Florian Téreygeol 3, 4
2 IRAMAT-CEB - IRAMAT - Centre Ernest Babelon
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
3 LAPA - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire Archéomatériaux et Prévision de l'Altération
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
4 IRAMAT - LMC - IRAMAT - Laboratoire Métallurgies et Cultures
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
Abstract : The Samut mining district, in the eastern Egyptian desert, has been explored and excavated by the French Eastern Desert archaeological mission (MAFDO) since 2013. The area was occupied in the Pharaonic era and the Hellenistic period. It regained interest at the beginning of the Islamic period. Narrow-vein and alluvial gold deposits were mined there. Two hut villages, in northern Samut, called medieval northern Samut, and in the Kabb Abou Shigil wabi, have been studied more closely. These two areas present all of the mineral processing operations: both ore extraction from veins and the different steps of ore crushing, grinding and cleansing. The ceramic material found is very poor, a clear sign of seasonal and sporadic occupation, with no evidence of a hierarchy in spatial organization. The quality of conservation of the huts, work areas and of all the stone implements preserved in situ provide an exceptional view of gold mining in the early Islamic period.
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Julie Marchand, Thomas Faucher, Alexandre Rabot, Bérangère Redon, Florian Téreygeol. L’exploitation de l’or en Égypte au début de l’époque islamique. L’exemple de Samut. Nicolas Minvielle Larousse; Marie-Christine Bailly-Maître; Giovanna Bianchi. Les métaux précieux en Méditerranée médiévale. Exploitations, transformations, circulations, Presses universitaires d'Aix-en-Provence, 2019. ⟨halshs-02398938⟩

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