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L'utilisation pacifique de la Zone et l'exploitation de ses ressources

Abstract : The term of « peaceful » has evolved in the international law. At first, it was the privilege of the States in their relationships. Then it has been used in order to protect particular spaces on Earth, like the Antarctic, the Moon and the celestial bodies. Finally, it was integrated the 10th December 1982 in the Montego Bay Convention, which wants to enforce an exploitation of the Area only for peaceful purposes. From then on, placing side by side the « peaceful » adjective (with dull legal consequences) to a commercial exploitation of international resources-which means mining extraction-asks many questions. The first one consists of the practical implications that this term embodies, and the consequences on deep seabed mining « activities in the Area ». Futhermore, this is a real issue for the International Seabed Authority (ISA). This international organization manages the Area. It has to integrate this notion into the « Mining Code » currently in a redaction process. Indeed, it released in 2018 a Draft Regulations on Exploitation of Mineral Resources in the Area, which proposes a unique exploitation regime in international law. The questions related to the environmental responsibility and liability and the Authority's powers in terms of control seem to emerge as concrete tools that can guarantee the management of the Area, in the respect of the Montego Bay Convention.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02397822
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 11, 2019 - 2:57:52 PM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-02397822, version 1

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Alix Roellinger. L'utilisation pacifique de la Zone et l'exploitation de ses ressources. Patrick Chaumette. Transforming the Ocean Law by Requirement of the Marine Environment Conservation - Le Droit de l’Océan transformé par l’exigence de conservation de l’environnement marin, Marcial Pons, 2019. ⟨halshs-02397822⟩

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