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Les grottes Jean-Pierre 1 et 2 à Saint-Thibaud-de-Couz (Savoie) : paléoenvironnement et cultures du Tardiglaciaire à l’Holocène dans les Alpes du Nord. La culture matérielle (seconde partie)

Abstract : The grottos of Saint-Thibaud-de-Couz open at about 500 yards of altitude on the occidental side of the massif of the Chartreuse, above the valley of Hyère which represents an important traffic-lane between the valley of Isère and the comb of Savoie. They have given a particularly developed stratigraphie and cultural sequence ranging from the end of the Dryas I to the Actuel. Eleven levels of settlements referring to the Upper Magdalenian, to different epipaleolithic groups and to the Ancient Mesolithic have been updated. The analysis of the lithic industry has been done according to four approaches: (1) research on the siliceous raw materials bringing to the fore circulations with a small and average distance and differentiated strategies of supplying between the Magdalenian and the Epipaleolithic ; (2) typological and technological analyses enabling us to propose a chronocultural frame of the lithic assemblies ; a good individualization of the epipaleolithic levels has permitted a differentiation of four cultural groups evolving from the Alleröd to the Preboreal ; (3) compared technological analysis of two magdalenian nucleus reassemblies coming from the siliceous blocks which are differentiated by their texture ; (4) traceological analysis showing a low use of flints, the site being mainly devoted to the exploitation of tender animal materials, and secondarily to activities of manufacture with the use of ochre. The analysis of ornaments made with sea-shells of the Upper Magdalenian suggests some groups well settled in the perialpine zone with a followed contacts with the Swiss groups and with an episodic touch with those of the parisian Basin. The set of the results militate in favour of episodic stays and of short length.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02391994
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 5:56:58 PM
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Pierre Bintz. Les grottes Jean-Pierre 1 et 2 à Saint-Thibaud-de-Couz (Savoie) : paléoenvironnement et cultures du Tardiglaciaire à l’Holocène dans les Alpes du Nord. La culture matérielle (seconde partie). Gallia Préhistoire – Archéologie de la France préhistorique, 37, CNRS Éditions, pp.155-328, 1995, 2-271-05356-0. ⟨10.3406/galip.1995.2331⟩. ⟨halshs-02391994⟩

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