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Christine de Pizan dans l’Angleterre du XVe siècle : une autorité en matière de bon gouvernement ?

Abstract : In the fifteenth-century, many literary texts in english have concerns about good government and common good. Some of them are translations or adaptations from French, whether they are original texts (Guillaume de Deguileville, Alain Chartier…) or translations from Latin (Laurent de Premierfait…). There are also many informal influences. Christine de Pizan is well known in England as soon as the end of the fourteenth-century : Henry IV invited her at his court (but she refused to come) and manuscripts of her works are already circulating in England. Some of her texts are also translated or adapted during all the fifteenth-century and at the beginning of the sixteenth-century. What is Christine providing to these authors-translators ? First, her eloquence and its use may have been seductive – this is certainly an important reason in a century where English is constituting in a learned, political and literary language. But, more broadly, we may interrogate ourselves about the question of the articulation between these developments of English and the political use of Christine de Pizan by these writers, even though Christine is a woman, during a period where England and France construct themselves in part by their confrontation. This paper approaches this question by the study of three examples of translations from three different moments : the Letter of Cupid by Thomas Hoccleve at the beginning of the fifteenth-century, the Epistle of Othea by Stephen Scrope in the 1440s and The Book of Fayttes of Armes and Chyvalrye by William Caxton, published in 1489.
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Aude Mairey. Christine de Pizan dans l’Angleterre du XVe siècle : une autorité en matière de bon gouvernement ?. Revue historique, Presses Universitaires de France, 2016, 679 (3), pp.491-511. ⟨10.3917/rhis.163.0491⟩. ⟨halshs-02391992⟩

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