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Le yeoman dans la littérature anglaise de la fin du Moyen Âge

Abstract : In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the structuration of English society has known some deep transformations. The growth of dynamic social groups – the gentry, the merchants and the lawyers – have been the objects of numerous studies. But down a peg, the social reconfiguration have also been important, especially after 1350. A group, often seen as emblematic, of rural elites in the sixteenth century, develops then, the group of the yeomen. Yet, the sparse references to the yeomen in English literature indicate a great ambiguity of this category – a source of debate especially about the most known yeoman, Robin Hood. But the joined study of these references and of numerous parliamentary sources, suggests that the English yeoman, be it a member of an aristocratic household, a mounted archer in the campaigns of the Hundred Years War, little landed men, well-off craftmen or all these at the same time, is in a specific social situation, at the crossroad of political structures and evolutions of the late Middle Ages.
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  • HAL Id : halshs-02391803, version 1

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Aude Mairey. Le yeoman dans la littérature anglaise de la fin du Moyen Âge. Frédéric Boutoulle et Stéphane Gomis. Cultures villageoises au Moyen Âge et à l’époque moderne. 37e journées internationales de Flaran, Presses Universitaires de Toulouse, pp.105-117, 2017. ⟨halshs-02391803⟩

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