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L'enquête de Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur pour fixer la nomenclature de la vigne (1782-1784)

Abstract : Between 1782 and 1784, Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur, intendant of the province of Guyenne, put in place an extensive inquiry aiming to set down the naming of the different vine varieties. To this purpose, he set out to gather as many of the vine varieties grown in the kingdom as possible in order to study them. The plants sent to him were to be accompanied by memos describing their characteristics and their growing requirements. A hundred memos and several thousand plants were sent to Bordeaux. The plants disappeared quickly without being subjected to the comparative studies planned, but approximately a hundred memos were kept. These memos have a priceless documentary value unpublished to this day. They give us rich information which, though incomplete because some provinces did not reply to Dupré de Saint-Maur’s request, has no equivalent before the end of the 19th century in its degree of precision. The enquiry makes it possible to give a clear picture of the vineyard in France prior to the great political, economic, scientific, cultural, agricultural, and sanitary upheavals which followed. For the first time on such a scale, that of the realm, it gives the account of more than a hundred vernacular uses of various nouns to name vines, plants, grapes or wine varieties. For the first time, the entire text of the Dupré de Saint-Maur enquiry has been transcribed and made available to researchers as well as to the public. The transcription is accompanied by a summary table containing more than 5 900 entries with the names of vine varieties in their context. All this represents an exceptional working document unpublished to date.
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Contributor : Henri Galinie Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 29, 2019 - 8:53:08 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 5:56:22 PM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-02385748, version 1



Henri Galinié. L'enquête de Nicolas Dupré de Saint-Maur pour fixer la nomenclature de la vigne (1782-1784). 2019. ⟨halshs-02385748⟩



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