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Une pratique historienne du web. Problématique, outils et mise en œuvre pour un objet d’histoire immédiate

Abstract : The spread of the use of the Internet in general and the web in particular increasingly compels the historian to cross material (analog) and virtual (digital) sources in the construction of his documentary corpus. As an historian trained in the classical tradition of biblical sciences and a practitioner of medieval Arabic and Latin manuscripts, I was confronted with digital sources since the 1990s working henceforth on contemporary sources. This study begins with the historiography of the web approach that historians have practiced over the last 20 years. It then goes back to the historical methods that I have implemented during each stage of my own research attesting their heuristic abilities even if I took them away from their traditionnal field of application. This experience has shown that the tested methods of philology, paleography, and diplomatics have lost none of their efficiency in the digital world. I then develop the various phases experienced by a historian approach to the web as a primary source: Collecting (recensio and selectio of diplomatics or philology) (investigating, harvesting, checking and validating) its sources, Saving and finally Examining them (examinatio) in order to conduct the analysis. The treatment of each of these stages is here an opportunity to present the methods and the tools which allow their implementation in this specific field. Finally, I propose a series of instruments at the disposal of the historian (and not only) eager to make the web one of its secondary sources.
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Contributor : Jean-Francois Legrain <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2019 - 11:16:38 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 26, 2019 - 1:34:58 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02378464, version 1



Jean-François Legrain. Une pratique historienne du web. Problématique, outils et mise en œuvre pour un objet d’histoire immédiate. 234 p., 2019. ⟨halshs-02378464⟩



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