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Les abbayes exemptes face à l’évêque diocésain (XIIe-XIIIe siècles) : une histoire genrée ?

Abstract : Could communities of nuns enjoy, as members of an exempt Order like Cîteaux, as much autonomy from episcopal authority as monks of the same organization? Theoretically, according to papal letters and chancery models, several exemption clauses did not apply to religious women since they required priestly competences, and control of the benediction of nuns strengthened the bishop’s influence. Practice, here studied through some twenty convents of Castile, shows very diverse situations, from abbesses and bishops being on good terms to harsh conflicts over tithes, involving lawsuits and excommunications. In case of strained relationships, the noble or royal patronage of these monasteries usually gave them the upper hand since they were given the means to appeal to the papal court. Thus communities of nuns maintained with their diocesan bishops relationships very similar to houses of monks, although for different reasons.
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Contributor : Ghislain Baury <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 2:57:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:17:01 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02359688, version 1



Ghislain Baury. Les abbayes exemptes face à l’évêque diocésain (XIIe-XIIIe siècles) : une histoire genrée ?. Evêques et abbés à l'époque romane - Textes, monuments, images et objets, 129 (614), pp.141-156, 2015, Revue d'Auvergne, 555-2-00-201305-2. ⟨halshs-02359688⟩



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