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Économie du bois de feu et sociétés néolithiques : analyses anthracologiques appliquées aux sites d’ambiance humide des lacs de Chalain et Clairvaux (Jura, France)

Abstract : This study is based on the anthracological analysis of six littoral dwelling sites of the Chalain and Clairvaux lakes. The chronological sequence starts at the Middle Neolithic II with the Middle Burgundian Neolithic culture (NMB), around 3700 BC, and ends at the Late Neolithic I with the group of Clairvaux (around 2800 BC). The topic of this study is the question of the exploitation of fire-wood for household activities, searching to make evident the existence or not of interactions between, at first, the exploitation modalities, then the spatial organization, the economic context and environment. During the first stage of study, it has been possible to make evident the quality and validity of charcoal collected in lake dwellings, by means of a rigorous sampling method which sometimes differs from the one applied in dry lands. The modalities of fire-wood exploitation have been characterized, from the point of view of the collect methods and of the woodland management. Since fire plays a fundamental part in everyday life, these agropastoral communities set up a real economy of fire-wood conditioned with a certain amount of variables such as society and its way of life, and the way it changes and ecomic context, with results that enable us to emphasize the performance of anthracology in wetlands for the study of relationship between man and territory.
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Alexa Dufraisse. Économie du bois de feu et sociétés néolithiques : analyses anthracologiques appliquées aux sites d’ambiance humide des lacs de Chalain et Clairvaux (Jura, France). Gallia Préhistoire – Archéologie de la France préhistorique, CNRS Éditions, 2005, 47, pp.187-233. ⟨10.3406/galip.2005.2050⟩. ⟨halshs-02338057⟩

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