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Ce que l’évaluation des écoquartiers nous apprend sur la ville durable : l’exemple du « vivre-ensemble »

Abstract : "Living together" is becoming a central issue in the production and management of sustainable cities. After having overcome technical constraints, sustainable cities would face limits due to the common practices of their inhabitants. The "living together" watchword, widely used in eco-district operations, is presented as a mean to transform the way people live in such neighbourhoods. Built on the observation of the construction of eco-district assessment indicators, the present article highlights the debates and paradoxes in the making of the « living together ». The analysed debates show that eco-district inhabiting assessment is the product of the tension between:-an a priori definition, based on a "living together" ideal model which should be confirmed by the assessment;-ways to "live together" built through the experience and practices of people involved, experiences that the assessment should identify and question. "Living together" as an objective conception supported by the ministry, appears contradictory to the will to give eco-districts stakeholders the resources to auto-evaluate their projects. So, what can the analysis of "living together" experiences teach us about sustainable cities? A sustainable city being itself also submitted to a double injunction: performance and democracy.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 18, 2019 - 11:29:15 AM
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Jérôme Boissonade, Francois Valegeas. Ce que l’évaluation des écoquartiers nous apprend sur la ville durable : l’exemple du « vivre-ensemble ». Pollution Atmosphérique : climat, santé, société, Le Kremlin Bicêtre : Revue Pollution atmosphérique, 2018, ⟨10.4267/pollution-atmospherique.6728⟩. ⟨halshs-02319663⟩



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