A corpus-based description of cleft constructions in Persian

Abstract : This paper presents a corpus-based description of cleft constructions in Persian showing that they display more diversity and complexity than currently described in the literature. Previous studies have only focused on constructions that echo one of the three main classes of clefts (IT-clefts, pseudoclefts and reversed pseudoclefts), and generally use Persian data in parallel to their English counterparts in order to contribute to the ongoing theoretical debates on the analysis of clefts. In order to achieve a more accurate picture of Persian clefts, we annotated and studied cleft and cleft-like sentences in a sample of about 550 relative clauses extracted from a journalistic corpus. Our study revealed new categories of cleft constructions that have not been reported previously; in particular, the lexically headed pseudoclefts whose usage is straightforwardly linked to the abundance of noun-verb light verb constructions in Persian. Moreover, we take issue with some claims made in prior work on the nature of the demonstrative in in Persian IT-clefts based on empirical arguments.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 4, 2019 - 10:31:44 AM
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Pegah Faghiri, Pollet Samvelian. A corpus-based description of cleft constructions in Persian. Linguistic Discovery, Dartmouth College Library, In press, Clefts and other related focus constructions. Special issue of Linguistic Discovery. ⟨halshs-02278096⟩

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