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The Time Has Come for a Universal Water Tribunal

Abstract : Since its inception in 1981, the International Water Tribunal has emerged as a non-governmental body with a multidisciplinary composition and a mandate based on conventional and customary international water law, which holds public hearings in order to address water-related complaints. This Article describes the historical background of the proposed Universal Water Tribunal (“UWT”) and significant difficulties on the horizon facing the proposed Tribunal (including political, practical, and legal-technical considerations). It then summarizes the key factors of such Tribunal and, finally, touches upon the proposed model based on an expanded concept of jurisdiction. The main underlying thesis is that, whereas the traditional model for interstate dispute settlement offers only limited possibilities of redress to non-state actors, the UWT provides them with the opportunity to present their demands before an environmental justice forum.
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Contributor : Laure Juillard <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 2, 2019 - 1:59:35 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 1:19:07 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02276238, version 1


Fabienne Quillere Majzoub, Tarek Majzoub. The Time Has Come for a Universal Water Tribunal. Pace Environmental Law Review, Pace Univeristy School of Law, 2018, 36 (1), pp. 141-172. ⟨halshs-02276238⟩



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