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Quand la forme emporte le fond : de l'incidence des formes processuelles sur la genèse de la théorie générale de l'infraction

Abstract : The general theory of offense is generally presented as an academic construction largely due to a progress of the French legal rationality in the XIXth century. The reality is however more complex. If the pre-revolutionary law has celebrated a long time ago the marriage between law, morality and religion, a reformer such as Beccaria considered that the intention (willful misconduct) was not a decisive factor in the appreciation of guilt. While this orientation of thought finds itself at the heart of the judicial organization promoted by the Framers, it is however challenged by the technical artifice of the legal qualification. Exercising anew its dominion over the fact, the tribunal de cassation thereby participates, thanks to the control which it exercises over the decision of the jury members, in the rehabilitation of the intentional element. That makes again possible the consideration of a subjective element which will constitute, a few decades later, the heart of the general theory of offense.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02245127
Contributor : Projet Droit2hal <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 1, 2019 - 8:12:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 14, 2020 - 11:38:44 AM

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Jérôme Ferrand. Quand la forme emporte le fond : de l'incidence des formes processuelles sur la genèse de la théorie générale de l'infraction. Revue de Science Criminelle et de Droit Pénal Comparé, Dalloz, 2013, pp.505. ⟨halshs-02245127⟩

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