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La théorie de la connaissance entre sémiologie et ontologie

Abstract : In the 3rd question on Book I of Sentences, Peter of Ailly is led to ask : “What is knowledge or cognition (quid sit notitia vel cognitio) ?” After presenting it as a sort of act, Peter of Ailly searches to determine the relation to a cognitive faculty ; only this relation can constitute this accident of the soul formally as a notitia. We find in this passage some expressions and propositions that were already present in the Conceptus. In these two texts, Peter of Ailly combines some theses on the ontological status of knowledge (act, disposition, accident) and others on the semiological or representational function of the concept ; each of these approaches are necessary to define the knowledge. So, Peter of Ailly occupies a special position in the history of the theories of language and knowledge. After having presented, in the Conceptus, the reduction of spoken language to mental language, he introduces the idea of an instrumental use of the words in other texts/ However he does not neglect the issue of the metaphysical status of this basic element of knowledge which is the concept as notitia.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02156623
Contributor : Joël Biard <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 3:07:40 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 20, 2020 - 11:30:21 AM

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Joël Biard. La théorie de la connaissance entre sémiologie et ontologie. Jean-Patrice Boudet, Monica Brinzei, Fabrice Délivré, Jacques Verger, Michel Zink. Pierre d'Ailly. Un esprit universel à l'aube du XVe siècle., Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres; De Boccard, pp.85-102, 2019. ⟨halshs-02156623⟩

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