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Saint Jérôme et Jonas à l'époque romane. De l'influence d'un Père de l'Église sur les textes et les images des XIe et XIIe siècles

Abstract : The commentary of the Book of Jonah by Saint Jerome has influenced a lot of writings, including the Glossa ordi­naria. In order tio understand how this text from the 4th century has modified the iconography of the minor prophet, this paper studies both the formal and textual sources of his figurative representations. The most common episodes of the story are successively analysed: Jonah thrown into the mouth of the fish, leaving the animal, and before Nineveh. For Saint Jerome, Jonah is a figure of Christ, especially in his death and resurrection. The Glossa ordinaria and other texts insist on the same idea, as the images showing the episode with the fish, where Jonah often appears naked and bald. The conversion of Nineveh his also very important for Saint Jerome: sorne representations focus on the penance of the city itself, others on the consequences of this transformation for Jonah, who is depicted under the plant. Ifthe influence of Saint Jerome, direct or not, cannot be denied for the choice of the subjects, it is more difficult to detect it in the graphic treatment and meaning of iconographic elements.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 24, 2019 - 4:44:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 6, 2019 - 1:52:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02139441, version 1

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Anne-Sophie Traineau-Durozoy. Saint Jérôme et Jonas à l'époque romane. De l'influence d'un Père de l'Église sur les textes et les images des XIe et XIIe siècles. Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, C.E.S.C.M, 2018, 61 (244), pp.379-406. ⟨halshs-02139441⟩

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