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La "barbacane" du Crac des Chevaliers (Syrie) et la signification du terme dans le bassin méditerranéen

Abstract : In the field of military architecture, the word "barbican" is generally used in France and the United Kingdom to designate exclusively the overhanging structures placed in front of doors or bridges which were meant to control access. A close examination of the medieval sources shows that this restrictive use dates from the Middle Ages, by comparison to the original meaning of the word, which designated lower outer walls or ramparts built in front the forrified walls. The article shows to which type of fortification the word usually applies (and still applies in Spain and Italy), in order to interpret an inscription in the Crac des Chevaliers (Syria).
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02136474
Contributor : Vanessa Ernst-Maillet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 10:25:19 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 1:11:06 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-02136474, version 1

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Jean Mesqui. La "barbacane" du Crac des Chevaliers (Syrie) et la signification du terme dans le bassin méditerranéen. Bulletin Monumental, Societe Francaise d'Archeologie, 2018, 176 (3), pp.215-234. ⟨halshs-02136474⟩

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