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Des outils agricoles en pierre du Bronze ancien de Syrie : les têtes d’araires

Abstract : This article is dedicated to a series of stone artefacts discovered in stratified contexts at Tell Al-Rawda and other sites of Central Western Syria. It is a regional production, limited to the Orontes region and to the western border of steppic Syria. These heavy objects, most often made of basalt or limestone, are described: they have a symmetric form (often triangular), two relatively flat faces and a lug. All of them have been discovered in Early Bronze IV contexts (except one discovered at Qatna and dated to Middle Bronze by the excavators). A discussion about their possible function is proposed: they could be stone head of plow used to prepare the fields. Their discovery in varied contexts indicate that the field work was organized at the same time by official institutions and at a familial scale. The weight of these tools leads us to consider they were used rather for an agriculture practiced by sedentary populations.
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Contributor : Corinne Castel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 26, 2019 - 3:16:29 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 9:42:59 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-02130217, version 1



Corinne Castel. Des outils agricoles en pierre du Bronze ancien de Syrie : les têtes d’araires. Bérengère Perello; Aline Tenu. Parcours d'Orient Recueil de textes offert à Christine KEPINSKI, Archeopress, pp.49-60, 2016, 9781784914585. ⟨halshs-02130217⟩



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