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Mise en place et développement des espaces urbains dans les îles du Pacifique, exposition aux aléas naturels, influence sur le milieu biophysique*

Abstract : Since the sixties, urban areas have been spreading on the Pacific islands. Half a dozen of large built-up areas and a main metropolitan city are now emerging in the Oceanian landscape. As this phenomenon was growing rapidly, multiple tensions have been appearing, so in the years 2010 these focuses of development have to face various challenges in terms of building-up. The necessity of a permanent enlargement of different networks (access to fresh water, treatment of sewerage, garbage, rubble and solid waste), the spreading of poverty and slums, the deterioration of shore environment because of a too strong anthropic pressure cause difficulty and challenge the authorities, specially in the small independent countries which are mostly without consistent economic resources. Nowadays familiar to all Oceanians, cities are still subject to strong debates. Consequently to a large historical and geographical diversity, the analysis of main cities and the urban process in the Pacific islands must be initiated at different scales, especially to evaluate their impact on the bio physical environments and their influence on the organisation of the insular territories.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02120822
Contributor : Teddy Auly <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 6, 2019 - 11:24:32 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 9:52:13 AM

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Jean-Pierre Doumenge. Mise en place et développement des espaces urbains dans les îles du Pacifique, exposition aux aléas naturels, influence sur le milieu biophysique*. Dynamiques Environnementales - Journal international des géosciences et de l’environnement, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2018, Entre Ciel et Mer : environnements insulaires et sociétés, pp.23-67. ⟨halshs-02120822⟩

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