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Planifier et sélectionner. Rapports au temps des visiteurs de musées et légitimité culturelle

Abstract : This article analyzes cultural inequalities in terms of access to art museums from the perspective of time. It shows the importance that the control of time has in the production of artistic competence and of a legitimate relation to art. It draws this argument by building on a database developed in the context of a dissertation which combined ethnographic observation in a room of the musée des beaux-arts in Lyon and biographical analysis of the occasional and regular visitors of art museums. The population under study comprised individuals from the upper middle class and from the cultural fringes of the lower middle class. The survey reveals two dimensions closely correlated with the relationship to time : planning (the agenda of visits made over the long term) and selectivity (the organization of a visit in the short term). It also reveals two different polarities in the relationship to the time allocated to visits : in the case of visitors driven by cultural curiosity, visits were scarce, long, and extensive ; in the case of visitors with a strong artistic competence, visits were frequent, rather short, and intensive, in the sense that they were freed from the linear structure of the visit proposed by the museum. This data points to the development of these temporal dispositions in primary socialization. The article thus suggests that the development of routines, and therefore of a control of time, plays an important role in the social differentiation of attitudes towards art.
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Samuel Coavoux. Planifier et sélectionner. Rapports au temps des visiteurs de musées et légitimité culturelle. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, Editions du Seuil, 2019, 226-227, pp.31-47. ⟨10.3917/arss.226.0031⟩. ⟨halshs-02119400⟩



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