Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Conference papers

EMERGENT HUMAN BEHAVIOUR DURING A DISASTER: THEMATIC VERSUS COMPLEX SYSTEMS APPROACHES

Abstract : Disasters or catastrophes engender social and spatial disorganization of the territories affected by these events and specific human behaviour. In this paper, we look both at the responses of societies in terms of specific human behaviour in times of disaster or catastrophe, which may be either a form of vulnerability or on the contrary of social resilience, and at the forms of emergence associated with such exceptional events. The first part proposes a typology of behaviours observed at times of catastrophe and identifies properties common to all such behaviours. Parts two and three ask whether behaviours observed at times of disaster or catastrophe (behaviours that stand apart from everyday behaviours and that can be observed both individually and collectively) can be characterized as emergent behaviours. Answering this involves weighing up inputs from the science of risk and the science of complexity. We present the different properties for characterizing emergent human behaviour, in order to recombine the disciplinary approach of scientific communities. This knowledge of the conditions underlying the emergence of behaviours points the way to how the phenomenon might be modelled.
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [43 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02118076
Contributor : Edwige Dubos-Paillard <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 2, 2019 - 6:47:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 2, 2021 - 3:38:32 AM

File

EMERGENT_HUMAN_BEHAVIOUR.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : halshs-02118076, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 245947

Citation

Damienne Provitolo, Edwige Dubos-Paillard, Jean-Pierre Muller. EMERGENT HUMAN BEHAVIOUR DURING A DISASTER: THEMATIC VERSUS COMPLEX SYSTEMS APPROACHES. Emergent Properties in Natural and Artificial Complex Systems EPNACS 2011 within ECCS’11, Sep 2011, Vienna, Austria. ⟨halshs-02118076⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

99

Files downloads

72