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De l’aitios juridique à l’aitia platonicienne : quelques suggestions

Abstract : This paper first returns to the interpretation of the Basileis’ and the Ephetai’s respective roles at the beginning of Drakon’s law on the homicide, through the meaning of aitios. In “being aitios” this procedural law highlights the semantic pattern of “the implication in”. Then the inquiry moves on to show how the tragedy creates many prefixed forms that develop this meaning in order to problematize the relationships of the gods and human beings, especially when homicides are concerned. Thus emerge various meanings such as “the implication with somebody”, “the common implication”, and different levels of participation in a murder. Finally, the paper suggests that the platonic philosophy can, at least partially, rely on such notion of aitios/aitia in elaborating a notion of cause, which implies both a combination and a hierarchy between the primary or intelligent and secondary or contributory causes.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 26, 2019 - 10:05:52 AM
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Catherine Darbo-Peschanski. De l’aitios juridique à l’aitia platonicienne : quelques suggestions. Mètis - Anthropologie des mondes grecs anciens, Daedalus/EHESS, 2015, Dossier : Aitia. Causalité juridique, causalité philosophique, N.S.13, pp.23-43. ⟨10.4000/books.editionsehess.3288⟩. ⟨halshs-02111569⟩



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