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Généalogie de la philosophie des lumières : de Nietzsche à la pensée postcoloniale

Abstract : Postcolonial thinking is a critical epistemology which could be described as radical. It is founded on a colonial civilizing mission, matrix and legacy. Contrary to the misleading prefix "postcolonial", this reflection is not limited the analysis chronological facts subsequent to the colonial period. The reason for postcolonial criticism is a great rationalist narrative, linear and secular issued by the Enlightenment, behind which is a unilateral and linear vision of a historical process that is actually identical and valid for each nation. In spite of its Universalist pretentions, the Enlightenment fails-it seems-to transcend its principles: it tend to be more a tendancy to perceive the world through a occidental lense than a proper philosophy. It's important to note that this particular vision of non-Western countries acts as a benchmark for their political future. Just as for Hegel, non-Western history is reconstructed in line with procedural requirements of reason and concept. However, the historical facts are stranged, fictious, and Hegel may have ignored this aspect; because of its willingness to subsume empirical reality as the idea of a homogenizing concept, in particular that of absolute knowledge. In this light, modernity is less to a valid speech anytime, anywhere than explanatory scheme evading both the historicity of non-European nations, as well as the role of those who are dominated in history, via what we took for epistemic violence.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02105738
Contributor : Julien Rajaoson <>
Submitted on : Sunday, April 21, 2019 - 5:47:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:56 AM

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Julien Rajaoson. Généalogie de la philosophie des lumières : de Nietzsche à la pensée postcoloniale. Antinomii colocviale, Galati University Press, 2017. ⟨halshs-02105738⟩

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