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La scientia sexualis des médecins grecs : histoire et enjeux du corpus Peri aphrodisiôn

Abstract : The text corpus Περὶ ἀφροδισιῶν, compiled by the fourth-century physician Oribasius did reach a limited readership until the publication of two books, during the 80s, that reached a broader audience: Aline Rousselle’s Porneia (1983) and Foucault’s History of Sexuality (1984). These writings have set in motion the anthropological studies on gender and sexuality. In this paper I want to turn back to the oribasian corpus, suggesting a new french translation, giving a new interpretation and writing an history of the text. The Collectiones medicae, written by Oribasius for his patron, the emperor Julian the Apostate, are built like a last rampart to defend the Greek paideia way of life against the Christian morality which recommends sexual renunciation. To understand Oribasius means to restore the ancient philosophical and medical polemics on coitus. At last, this small text corpus had almost no impact in Christian world during the Middle Ages but its fortune was very prolific in the islamic world, giving birth by the ninth century to a specific type of De coitu literature.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 8, 2019 - 4:46:17 PM
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Antoine Pietrobelli. La scientia sexualis des médecins grecs : histoire et enjeux du corpus Peri aphrodisiôn. Mètis - Anthropologie des mondes grecs anciens, Daedalus/EHESS, 2011, N.S.9, pp.309-338. ⟨10.4000/books.editionsehess.2623⟩. ⟨halshs-02093167⟩



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