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Scala mundi, scala celi de la A a la Z: claves para la comprensión de la obra universal de Juan Gil de Zamora. Exégesis, libri authentici y mediadores

Abstract : Although edited since 1994, the encyclopedic Historia naturalis of the Franciscan Juan Gil de Zamora has not been the subject of a thorough study of its contents or of its direct sources, which we suspect are not too numerous despite the multiple references to auctoritates. The first part of this study is devoted to a historiographical assessment of the prolific work of the Zamorene and allows to set some chronological milestones. The following part examines the outlines—as much as they can be reconstructed—of his conception of an alphabetical dictionary of nature based on the incomplete realization of his original universal project. The third part sheds light on his exegetical methods, which are traditional in being comparable to the hermeneutics of the first third of the thirteenth century, as well as his compilation techniques in which alphabetical systematization and self-citation play a significant role. This part highlights the prominent placement of four of HN’s sources, namely the natural summae of Bartholomaeus Anglicus (c. 1240) and Vincent of Beauvais (c. 1250), the Compendium medicinae of Gilbertus Anglicus (c. 1240), as well as the Canon of Avicenna (available since 1230), to which must be added the incontestable intellectual and textual influence of Saint Bonaventure. The fourth part focuses on the identification of sources of specific passages, which suggests that Juan Gil de Zamora made no use of philosophical translations later than those of the corpus vetustius (the “Toledan” translations and the Salernitan corpus) for the works of Aristotle and Avicenna, and did not use the work of Averroes directly. This would allow a supposition that he may have collected his material no later than in the fifth decade of the thirteenth century. The indices derived from internal examination and from comparison with other works place the preparation of the HN before 1278, that is during his sojourn in Paris, unless we suppose that he had already visited Paris previously when Bonaventure was teaching there in the 1250s.
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Isabelle Draelants. Scala mundi, scala celi de la A a la Z: claves para la comprensión de la obra universal de Juan Gil de Zamora. Exégesis, libri authentici y mediadores. Studia Zamorensia, UNED, 2014, pp.27-70. ⟨10.5944/studiazamo.vol.13.2014.13691⟩. ⟨halshs-02091038⟩

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