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Les savoirs et leurs publics : l’exemple du conservatoire des arts et métiers (19 e - 21e siècles)

Abstract : Since its foundation in 1794, the Conservatoire des arts et métiers is both a place of professional education and a place in which the general public can see in action the machines used in the production process. That raises the question of the transmission of technical knowledge to different audiences, and the question of the legitimization of this knowledge. At the Conservatoire, thanks to the system of chairs, knowledge is constructed not in regards to academic disciplines, but to savoir-faire. Knowledge is transmitted to two sorts of audiences that were progressively distinguished. On the one hand, an audience composed of training professionals; there knowledge is legitimate because, once it is transmitted, it allows the trainee to be an efficient worker. On the other hand, the general public, for whom are set up public conferences and the museum of arts and crafts; there knowledge is legitimate because it educates the audience. But in both cases, these aims are subordinated to the national industrial progress.
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Samuel Hayat. Les savoirs et leurs publics : l’exemple du conservatoire des arts et métiers (19 e - 21e siècles). Innovations - Revue d’économie et de management de l'innovation, De Boeck Supérieur, 2017, pp.139-160. ⟨10.3917/inno.052.0139⟩. ⟨halshs-02068118⟩



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