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Rupture et continuité des techniques préhistoriques : que nous enseignent l’anthropologie et l’histoire des techniques ?

Abstract : This brief introductory text to the articles presented in this session re-examines the validity of over-deterministic general theories which link technical progress to the environment. It reevaluates the relevance of notions such as “cultural” or “chrono-cultural”, too often consisting of attributing given technical attributes to a particular human group. The author suggests leaving behind the numerous cultural explanations, as have the historians Michel de Certeau or Paul Veyne, as well as several ethnologists, who underline the role of individual invention. Examining pathways opened up by studying the history of techniques may result in a better understanding of technical mutations, whether they are the result of inventions or are borrowed from elsewhere. This view of history shows us that when technical knowledge moves through society, it is often adapted and modified, and therefore is transformed in the course of its transmission. Similarly, when a human group moves, there is generally multiple circulations of techniques and know-how. Anthropology shows that techniques cannot be reduced to a fulfillment of the vital role for an object (or tool) in relation to the need for which it was conceived.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02063053
Contributor : Sophie A. de Beaune <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 12, 2019 - 7:09:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 10:22:38 AM
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Sophie A. de Beaune. Rupture et continuité des techniques préhistoriques : que nous enseignent l’anthropologie et l’histoire des techniques ?. Jacques Jaubert; Nathalie Fourmenet; Pascal Depaepe. Transitions, ruptures et continuité en Préhistoire / Transitions, Rupture and Continuity in Prehistory, 1, Société préhistorique française, pp.41-45, A paraître. ⟨halshs-02063053⟩

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