PE HAR AND ORACLE DEITIES IN MONGOLIA: PAINTINGS OF THE FIVE KINGS IN YEKE JUU MONASTERY OF HOHHOT

Abstract : The cult of the warrior Buddhist deity Pe har of Central Asian origin was introduced among the Tümed during the Buddhist revival of the late 16 th century. Several monasteries founded at that period in and around Hohhot (capital city of Inner Mongolia, China) had a Nayicung (gNas chung) temple with images of the Five Kings-five manifestations of Pe har, symbolizing his body, speech, mind, qualities and activities. Here I propose to study the mural decoration of the Nayicung Temple of Yeke juu, the main monastery of Hohhot, which preserves the most complete interior of a temple dedicated to protector deities in Inner Mongolia. Besides iconography and style, this article will illustrate the transformation of a Tibetan oracle deity into one of the popular deities of the Mongols in 18 th and 19 th century Mongolia.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02056994
Contributeur : Isabelle Charleux <>
Soumis le : mardi 5 mars 2019 - 08:05:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 14 mars 2019 - 01:26:45

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Isabelle Charleux. PE HAR AND ORACLE DEITIES IN MONGOLIA: PAINTINGS OF THE FIVE KINGS IN YEKE JUU MONASTERY OF HOHHOT. Mural Art, 2018. 〈halshs-02056994〉

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