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Jaurès, un philosophe laïc mais croyant

Abstract : Jaurès’ reading today is an activity full of surprises. In a hand, because the man’s celebrity, notoriety, and heroïcal character hide the real works and the real thinker. In the other hand, who knows that Jaurès had been studying seriously philosophy and had been defended his doctorate La réalité du monde sensible in La Sorbonne’s University on 1892, when he was 33 years old. As many legendary figures, which anyone, any political party he belongs, wants to refer and to be his own to get a legitimity, Jaurès is well known, or in another way, bad known. Jaurès became a reference as well as it is no used to read really him. But the reference is therefore confused: to whom and to which is it referred when it is made reference to Jaurès? Is the pacifist, the socialist, the activist, the democratic leader, the journalist, the historian, the philosopher who is referred, or somebody else? When it is referred to Jaurès, it is referred to the political leader rather than the philosopher. Nevertheless, my conference’s title is to point that philosophy is the heart of Jaurès’ life and works. Without philosophy, it is no way to try to understand his ethical and political convictions. But some people, above all in France, are worried by the fact Jaurès is also a believer and not only a laïque philosopher. This is the reason why the believer s’portraiture is hided though this aspect is a real determination of his reflection. My purpose is to point this aspect of Jaurès’ philosophy. But some other people are worried by the fact Jaurès though spiritualist thinker is however anticlerical. At last everybody (especially political actors) is worried by the fact Jaurès, socialist leader, is also anticapitalist. I would like to clear up all these points.
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Véronique Le Ru. Jaurès, un philosophe laïc mais croyant. Joanna Bielska-Krawczyk; Anna Żurawska. Homo Spiritualis : aux XXe et XXIe siècles, Wydawnictwo LIBRON - Filip Lohner, 2016, 9788365148773. ⟨halshs-02054102⟩