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La plantation Mont Vernon à Saint-Martin (Petites Antilles) : la sucrerie et le quartier servile

Abstract : The archaeological excavation of Mont Vernon Plantation provides an insight into the spatial organization and operation of a sugar factory from the first half of the 19th century on the island of Saint-Martin. Before this project, the master's home and the kitchen were only structures known. The researches resulted in the discovery of the sugar factory and the slave village. The latter consisted of constructions on posts forming small two-room, rectangular houses comparable to those described in the slave villages from the 18th and 19th centuries. All the buildings of the plantation were placed according to a precise orthonormal system, despite the rugged relief and rather the distance between the buildings. The remains show that most of the industrial elements and objects of every day’s life were imported from Europe and local products remain a minority. This also applies to animal food resources, which, according to the analysis of the fauna remains, consisted essentially of European.
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Dominique Bonnissent, Anne Cloarec, Sandrine Grouard, Nathalie Serrand, Lucy Vallauri, et al.. La plantation Mont Vernon à Saint-Martin (Petites Antilles) : la sucrerie et le quartier servile. Proceedinds of the XXVII Congress of the International Association for Caribbean Archaeology, IACA, July 23-29, 2017, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands, Jul 2017, Sainte-Croix, États-Unis. pp.495-503. ⟨halshs-01985135⟩

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