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Incarner le peuple souverain : les usages de la représentation-incarnation sous la Seconde République

Abstract : Embodiment representation does not disappear with the triumph of representative government, founded in principle solely on mandate representation. Under the July monarchy, conservatives and republicans made use of both the logic of the mandate and embodiment. In 1848, the Constituent Assembly, elected by universal male suffrage, against the people of Paris, established itself as the only one capable of embodying the people, bypassing the inclusive logics of mandate representation. But it was quickly competed by the President of the Republic, Louis Bonaparte, elected by direct universal male suffrage in December 1848. On the common basis of the exclusion of the people, two conceptions of embodiment then entered in conflict: the Assembly relied on an identity of composition with the nation to defend parliamentary embodiment; the president, wielding the Napoleonic reference, deployed a plebiscitary conception of embodiment, based on an identity of feeling with the people. Faced with these two institutions, two other forms of embodiment emerged that aimed to include the people politically: the social-democrats of the Mountain implemented, through the party, a partisan embodiment which relied on an identity of opinion with the people; the nascent labour movement built, with the association, a form of corporative embodiment, based on an identity of condition.
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Contributor : Samuel Hayat <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 13, 2019 - 12:05:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 29, 2020 - 10:04:35 AM
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Samuel Hayat. Incarner le peuple souverain : les usages de la représentation-incarnation sous la Seconde République. Raisons politiques, Presses de Science Po, 2018. ⟨halshs-01979537⟩



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