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Traumatic events and early maladaptive schemas (EMS): Prison guard psychological vulnerability

Abstract : Introduction and objective.-Guards are employed to maintain prison security partly because of inmate violence. In this environment, traumatic events such as attacks are frequent. In the aftermath of such events, two major psychopathological consequences can affect guards: (a) post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) or disorder (PTSD or ASD) and (b) early maladaptive schema (EMS) re-enactment. The current study addresses inmate-on-staff attacks in terms of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and EMS re-enactment. Method and results.-Two hundred and thirty-five prison guards were assessed for (1) PTSS with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and (2) EMS with SCP II, a French EMS inventory. Post-traumatic stress symptoms are high among prison guards and "mistrust" EMS are significantly more re-enacted than other EMS. Correctional guards with PTSD show significantly higher EMS re-enactment levels than those without post-traumatic stress symptoms. Conclusions.-It appeared that inmate-on-staff attacks cause re-enactment of "mistrust" EMS in particular. We hypothesize a particular relationship between EMS and PTSD: after a traumatic event, EMS may be re-enacted. Once EMS are re-enacted, they act as a risk factor for post-traumatic stress symptoms. In return, post-traumatic symptoms may maintain EMS enactment. Further studies are necessary; nevertheless, we now know the importance of psychological help for prison guard
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01911879
Contributor : Abdel Boudoukha Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 12, 2018 - 6:17:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:15:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 13, 2019 - 12:30:31 PM

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A.H. Boudoukha, N. Przygodzki-Lionet, M. Hautekeete. Traumatic events and early maladaptive schemas (EMS): Prison guard psychological vulnerability. European Review of Applied Psychology / Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, Elsevier, 2016, 66 (4), pp.181 - 187. ⟨10.1016/j.erap.2011.05.004⟩. ⟨halshs-01911879⟩

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