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Maison à péristyle et élites urbaines en Gaule sous l’Empire

Abstract : The peristyle house was not only the most sumptuous dwelling, but also a model of government in the provinces established by Rome. Their ownership constituted an obligation for the most prominent members of the elite who solicited or held power. A study from an angle giving more importance to the public sector rather than a purely private side, enables one to to show the validity, in Gaul, of the domestic model developed in Rome and the progressive integration of Gallo-Romans in the mental scheme of the new power. If the Gallic example underlines a fair number of common points with Italic models, it also shows some particularities. These must often be considered less as provincialisms than the sign of a general evolution, under the Principate, of the use of these houses under the influence of historical events and changes inside ruling classes. Due to its strong connection with the world of power and the urban frame of its exercise, this kind of housing held a special position inside the town and its existence followed the destiny of its elites. Appearing everywhere at the birth of towns during the Augustan period, it disappeared massively in the course of the 3rd century.
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Pascal Vipard. Maison à péristyle et élites urbaines en Gaule sous l’Empire. Gallia - Archéologie de la France antique, CNRS Éditions, 2007, 64, pp.227-277. ⟨10.3406/galia.2007.3312⟩. ⟨halshs-01899191⟩

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