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Le régime d’immigration des États-Unis : politiques migratoires, hégémonie, et mouvements sociaux

Abstract : Although the U.S. immigration system is often described as “broken”, this article attempts to account for its political dynamics and its implications for immigrant social movements. Drawing on contemporary research on immigration policy and on immigrant mobilizations, as well as the political philosophy of Antonio Gramsci (in particular, the concept of hegemony), it is possible to understand the U.S. immigration regime as an unstable but functional synthesis of partially contradictory political demands formulated by economic and political elites, determined opponents of mass immigration and by immigrants themselves. Unequally satisfactory to these different parties, such a synthesis nonetheless favors their consent to a common policy, which maintains a large immigrant population with limited rights but who are disposed to wait. Any analysis of the sectors of civil society and social movements with a concern for immigrants must take into account this complex functioning, from which it is difficult to escape and to which it is difficult to contribute. The theory of the immigration regime opens the way to a research program on immigrants’ rights movements and organizations that considers in a new light the influence of the state and the dominant sectors of society.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 27, 2018 - 4:33:33 PM
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Mathieu Bonzom. Le régime d’immigration des États-Unis : politiques migratoires, hégémonie, et mouvements sociaux. Politique Américaine, L'Harmattan, 2015, L’Amérique du Nord, versant sud. Libre échange et régime socio-économique, 25 (1), pp.91-112. ⟨10.3917/polam.025.0091⟩. ⟨halshs-01883097⟩



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