Les outils de l’imagerie médicale et de la 3D au service des maladies du passé

Abstract : The increasing use of medical imaging and image processing techniques allows the generation of 3D images and new possibilities of analysis in physical anthropology. Until now paleopathology is still using 2D images for retrospective diagnosis whereas 3D is widely used in medical practice. The goal of this paper is to illustrate the interest of 3D approach through 2 paleopathological examples. Morphometric analyses of pathological lesions on a skull, and sacro-iliac fusion with intra osseous cyst. The 3D methods we used allowed us to corroborate the initial diagnosis and to bring additional data that cannot be obtained from 2D methods. Our results emphasize the great potential interest of 3D imaging for retrospective diagnosis and more generally for teaching, scientific exchanges and heritage preservation in paleopathology.
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Hélène Coqueugniot, Pascal Desbarats, Bruno Dutailly, Michel Panuel, Olivier Dutour. Les outils de l’imagerie médicale et de la 3D au service des maladies du passé. Virtual Retrospect 2009, Robert Vergnieux, Nov 2009, Pessac, France. pp.177-180. ⟨halshs-01864890⟩

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