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Enregistrement des variations environnementales par les faunes chassées dans les zones de moyenne montagne d'Europe occidentale, au Tardiglaciaire et au début de l’Holocène.

Abstract : Climatic fluctuations during the Lateglacial are weil registered in the mountainous areas. Faunal data gathered from archaeological sites can reflect, to sorne extent, such environnemental changes, although human activities are largely responsible for the faunal accumulations. If regional studies are weil documented, comparative approach of such data from mountainous areas has scarcely been done yet. Faunal data from four mountainous areas: the southern Jura and the northern french Alps, the Massif central, the french Pyrenees and the alpine and prealpine areas of the northeastern Italy, are then scrutinized for a time span between ca. 15000 and 8000 BP. Although data are very uneven between the four areas, an important faunal change is evidenced around 12000 BP, as elsewhere in Europe. Sorne regularities as the disapearance of reindeer and horse to the advantage of red deer, the high frequence of alpine taxa at the beginning of the sequence followed by the decrease of sorne of them, reveal new environnemental conditions and new adaptations. Disparities between the areas are also underlined which reflect biogeographical or hunting patterns.
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Anne Bridault, Laure Fontana. Enregistrement des variations environnementales par les faunes chassées dans les zones de moyenne montagne d'Europe occidentale, au Tardiglaciaire et au début de l’Holocène.. Marylène Patou-Mathis; Hervé Bocherens. Le rôle de l'environnement dans les comportements des chasseurs-cueilleurs préhistoriques, 1105, BAR Publishing, pp.55-65, 2003, 9781841714837. ⟨halshs-01858929⟩

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