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L'approche territoriale : une condition de l'apport de la résilience à la prévention des désastres

Abstract : This paper aims at identifying how the idea of resilience could significantly contribute to disasters reduction. We argue that two elements are crucial: questions of governance and diversity of actors. A place-based and constructivist approach of Lacq area was carried out. The development of Lacq was based on an important natural gas field discovered in the 1950's and a subsequent chemical industrial complex. From the 1980's Lacq had to carry out an industrial reconversion to tackle a severe economic crisis and the depletion of the gas field (the commercial exploitation ended in 2013). The area is exposed to different risks (both natural and industrial) and to changing territorial dynamics, uncertain future in the globalization context and political changes (decentralization with an increasing involvement of local authorities in economic development). The different kind of risks and changes the territory has to deal with may offer a good opportunity to study the idea of resilience. But our work shows that local stakeholders (risk practitioners, state representatives, mayors, companies representatives, inhabitants) never use the term "resilience". A place-based approach allows to contextualize resilience drivers. It points out local framework, power relations among actors and interactions between local and more global levels (multinational firm strategies, national energy transition framework...) which are essential drivers of future local pathways. We believe that resilience is plural and represents the "least bad" choices for the largest number of people whom voice is taken into account, because it is unrealistic to regard territorial resilience as a whole and to consider that all actors have common interests and the same power in decision-making process.
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Contributor : Sylvie Clarimont <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 9, 2018 - 11:50:28 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:52:03 PM





Christine Bouisset, Sylvie Clarimont, Julien Rebotier. L'approche territoriale : une condition de l'apport de la résilience à la prévention des désastres. La Houille Blanche - Revue internationale de l'eau, EDP Sciences, 2018, En ligne (2), pp.29-37. ⟨10.1051/lhb/2018018⟩. ⟨halshs-01856007⟩



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