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Agglomérations, routes et dynamiques de développement dans le territoire des Arvernes à l’époque romaine

Abstract : The aim of this collective communication is to examine the relationship between road networks, small towns and development in the territory of the Arverni in Roman times, based on the data acquired through the DYSPATER program, which aims to model spatial dynamics of territorial development in the Massif Central from the Iron Age to the Middle Ages. Emphasis is placed on the spatial dimension of development: through the identification, mapping and GIS combination of specific markers, it is a question of highlighting the poles of development and their capacity to structure space over time, in order to assess the degree of integration and interdependence of territories. One of the main achievements of this program is to highlight significant disparities in the levels, pace and modalities of development according to the geographical sectors. In order to account for these regional inequalities in development, the use of the “center/periphery” model developed by John Friedmann (1966) and its typology of regional development appeared pertinent. This model shows how and why different parts of a territory develop at different rhythms and how they evolve over time as a function of spatial interactions. The application of this model to the case of the city of the Arverni suggests that four factors seem to have strongly influenced the organization of the habitat: the nature of the terrain, the resources available, the density of the road network, and distance from urban centers, the chief town of the city and small towns. However, the limits of the application of the this model are rapidly reached, since it is impossible to assess the degree of economic dependence of these spaces with respect to the core region. In particular, the approach taken is the crucial problem of the role of small towns in the structuring of the territory and in local development processes.
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Contributor : Frédéric Trément <>
Submitted on : Saturday, July 14, 2018 - 8:28:40 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 10:50:02 AM


  • HAL Id : halshs-01839435, version 1



Frédéric Trément, Lise Augustin, Florian Baret, Maxime Calbris, Marion Dacko, et al.. Agglomérations, routes et dynamiques de développement dans le territoire des Arvernes à l’époque romaine. Routes et petites villes de l’Antiquité à l’époque moderne. Colloque international, Clermont-Ferrand (20-21 mars 2014), Jean-Luc Fray, Céline Pérol, Mar 2014, Clermont-Ferrand, France. ⟨halshs-01839435⟩



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